Upper Respiratory Infection (URI) is an infectious disease in one or more parts ranging from nasal airway to the lungs and takes place in less than 3 weeks. Upper Respiratory Infection (URI) is a contagious disease and is often experienced by children. Most of the URI is light, caused by a viral infection, and can heal themselves (self-limited diseases). However, URI also can be severe and cause death. Therefore we need to understand and properly handle the ISPA. We also need to know the signs of emergency in the URI so that our children are not too late to get treatment in hospital.
Channel Anatomy of Human Breath Infection can occur throughout the human respiratory tract from the nose, sinus cavity, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi, and lungs.
Diagnosis Upper Respiratory Infection (URI) URI is actually a term for many diseases in respiratory tract infections.
The following are diseases that are included in the URI: 1. Common cold 2. Flu (Influenza) 3. Rhino sinusitis or Sinusitis 4. Tonsillitis, Pharyngitis, or Tonsil of uringitis (Sore Throat) 5. Abscess peritonsilar 6. Acute otitis media (middle ear infection) 7. Epiglottitis 8. Laryngitis 9. Trakeitis 10. Bronchitis 11. Bronchiolitis 12. Pneumonia 13. Pleuritis
So, if doctors diagnose a child as URI, then our children may be ill common cold or sore throat or the other. Ask the doctor about a more specific diagnosis.
Symptoms of Upper Respiratory Infection (URI) URI symptoms vary widely. Between one and the other diseases often have similar symptoms. For example, we may be difficult to distinguish the common cold with the flu because the symptoms are almost the same. Talk to your doctor to make sure the disease experienced by our children.
The following are symptoms of respiratory infection in children: Fever Cough Colds, congestion, or sneezing Painful throat / swallowing pain Hoarse voice Headaches, body aches, or joint pain Fatigue, weakness Shortness of breath Frequency of fast breathing
Upper Respiratory Infection (URI) Treatment Many respiratory infections that are grouped into ARD. Therefore we need to know what actually experienced infectious disease of our children. What is the common cold, influenza, or pneumonia? Is the disease caused by viral or bacterial infection? Specific diagnosis and its cause will determine the further handling. For example, if our children common cold sore, then our children need adequate rest, nutrition and drinking enough, and when the fever febrifuge. But when our children are suffering from bacterial pneumonia, so he may also require antibiotics and hospitalization.
Here are some tips for handling respiratory infection in general:
1. Get plenty of rest 2. Give children drink more, especially if the children cough and fever (see article Cough and Fever). 3. Give febrifuge if fever (see Fever article) 4. Avoid transmission to others. The way to avoid transmission: closing the mouth and nose when coughing / sneezing, wash hands with soap after coughing / sneezing, using a mask (if the child is cooperative), avoiding too close contact with infants. 5. Do not give antibiotics without a doctor’s instructions. Antibiotics are not necessary if the ARD is caused by viral infection. Inappropriate use of antibiotics can increase the immunity of bacteria to antibiotics. 6. Avoid giving a cough / cold in children. Discuss with your doctor about the benefits and risks of the drug if it will be given to your child (see article Cough). 7. Recognize the signs of an emergency.
You should immediately consult a child to the doctor if:
1. Shortness of breath or breathing becomes more rapid frequency
2. Breath sounds (wheezing) or like a whimper (grunting)
3. Chest wall / rib sidelines seemed interested in where the child is breathing
4. Bluish lips
5. Stiff neck
6. Difficulty swallowing
7. Continuous vomiting
8. Children looked very weak