Eczema is the basic term utilized for plenty of different kinds of skin inflammation, also known as dermatitis. The most common type of eczema is called atopic dermatitis, but there are many kinds of this disorder. It affects people of all ages, but is seen mostly in infants. Eczema is usually resolved by the age of 3 in most infants, but in others it tends to recur throughout their lifetime. People who suffer from eczema often times have a family history of eczema or other allergic conditions. It is believed that nearly 20% of children and between 1% and 2% of adults have eczema.
Although the cause of eczema is unknown, abnormal function found inside the immune system is believed to be a factor. Some types of eczema can be triggered by things that come in contact with the skin, including cosmetics, soaps, detergents, sweat, jewelry or clothing. Environmental allergens, temperature changes, humidity or even stress can cause eczema breakouts.
Those individuals who deal with eczema are constantly searching for a treatment. They may try one topical ointment after another but do not see results. The problem with ointments is that they only treat the symptoms and not the underlying problem. Once the ointment is stopped, the symptoms tend to come back. The main goal for removing eczema is to put an end to the itching, inflammation and the worsening of the disorder. Treatment may involve lifestyle changes as well as the use of medicines. It will all be based on the person’s age, overall health and type and severity.
1. Altercation of lifestyle includes lessening exposure to anything that will trigger the disorder. 2. Moisturizing. Keeping the skin moist may help prevent eczema. 3. Heat. It is best to avoid excessive heat and sweating. 4. Cold compresses. Many times a cold compress can help alleviate itching. 5. New clothes. New clothes should be washed with mild soap before wearing. 6. Stress. Since stress can trigger eczema, it should be kept to a minimum.
If changing the lifestyle doesn’t supply enough rellief for the eczema, medicine might be required to help. Cortiocosteroids may help in reducing inflammation. Antibiotics are used if skin happens to become infected due to scratching. Antihistamines are utilized to decrease the itching in order for somebody to rest. Cyclosporine A is used only in extreme cases but does have some side effects; therefore, is used only as a last resort.