Causes, Symptoms And Prevention Of Heart Disease

Heart disease is a class of diseases involving the heart, blood vessels, or both. It may refer to any disease affecting the cardiovascular system of the human body, especially cardiac disease, peripheral arterial disease, and vascular disease of the kidney and brain. If you are a resident of Chennai, there are several cardiac hospitals, adept at diagnosis and treatment to patients suffering from different types of heart disease. If you want to know more about heart diseases, then the following information will definitely prove to be of help.

Causes of heart disease

There can be several factors that cause heart diseases, but hypertension and atherosclerosis are the most common one. Several morphological and physiological changes brought on by aging can also alter the functioning of your heart, leading to increased risks of developing a heart disease. There are certain factors that can increase the risk of developing atherosclerosis, which is the primary cause of heart disease. This condition is usually caused by lifestyle factors such as lack of exercise, tobacco use, unhealthy eating habits, etc. Other factors that may cause heart disease include the patients gender, age and heredity, in addition to sugar consumption, air pollution levels, psychological factors, diabetes mellitus, hyperlipidemia, etc.

Symptoms of heart disease

If you experience any of these symptoms, you probably need to see a cardiologist:

Chest pain or discomfort, characterized by any pressure, pain, numbness, choking, squeezing or any kind of discomfort in the neck, chest or upper abdominal area
Palpitations, identified by missed heartbeats, or periods of irregular or rapid heartbeats
Dizziness or lightheadedness
Loss of consciousness or fainting
Lethargy, fatigue, day-time sleepiness
Shortness of breath, especially with exertion, or while lying flat on the back

Prevention of heart disease

Any cardiologist in a heart specialist hospital such as Fortis Malar in Chennai will tell you that you need to avoid the causes of heart disease in order to prevent it. You need to practice the following measures in order to prevent heart disease:

Take high-fiber, low-fat diet, that includes whole grains, and lots of fresh fruits and veggies
Quit smoking, and avoid being near people who smoke
Limit alcohol intake
Control your blood pressure levels
Obese and over-weight people should reduce their BMI
Increase your daily activity level
Reduce your sugar consumption level
Reduce stress, and try a few relaxation therapies

An angioplasty specialist in Chennai might also prescribe you vitamins and antioxidants after careful consideration to maintain your hearts health. So, use this information to maintain and improve your hearts health.

Fish Oil And Heart Disease

Scientific research results of fish oil and cholesterol control support the suggestion that a dietary supplement of quality fish oil may improve levels of good cholesterol, and possibly slightly lower bad cholesterol.

As a matter of fact, organizations like the American Heart Association and Food and Drug Administration, have disclosed statements that indicated the benefits that the fish oil can offer to improve heart disease condition.

The most beneficial effect may be found in the particular kind of omega-3 present in fish oil supplements. In a 2000 study, over a thousand men were studied and those who had the highest levels of the omega-3 known as DHA, abundant in fish oil.

There is also evidence that omega 3 fatty acids lower cholesterol levels and control blood pressure. Some studies are being done that suggest that fish oil can boost good cholesterol and decrease bad cholesterol (LDL).

HDL cholesterol helps in reducing the fatty deposits in arteries. And since fish oils help in increasing the level of good cholesterol, this is one of the reasons why fish oil is very beneficial in heart disease prevention.

Apart from cholesterol, your triglycerides levels also play a significant role when it comes to estimating heart disease risk. In case you don’t know, triglycerides are fatty substance that circulate in the bloodstream.

Fish oil is unarguably the best source of Omega 3s, DHA and EPA. The exceptional anti-inflammatory properties of fish oil offer a lot of health benefits for various health problems such as arthritis, osteoporosis, heart disease, pains and aches, etc.

Without HDL, cholesterol will just gradually keep accumulating in, and clogging up, your arteries. This will kill the flow of blood to your heart, starve it of oxygen and lead to, among other possible outcomes, a heart attack.

If you have high blood pressure of hypertension, taking an omega-3 supplement rich in omega-3 fatty acids can significantly reduce blood pressure.

Deficiencies in omega-3s have also been linking to many behavioral conditions such as ADD, ADHD, depression, anxiety, postpartum depression, bipolar disorder, and even Alzheimer’s disease.

Inflammation is one of the major causes of heart disease, arthritis, asthma, and inflammatory bowel disease. And the worst part about it is that it comes with no symptoms, meaning that it’s almost impossible to know whether it’s a problem for you.

EPA and DHA are naturally found in cold water fish and the body cannot produce these, therefore you need to obtain them for either eating the above mentioned fish or take a naturally good fish oil supplement.

And it’s not just cholesterol levels that are improved, there is now a wide range of medical conditions that are known to be improved with the higher intake of Omega 3 fats.

It is true that the connection between fish oil and heart disease is beneficial to you; however, it is recommended that you take supplements instead of eating lots of fish because of the problem of contaminants.

Fish oil and heart disease, the two definitely do not go together. Researchers from all around the world are now telling us that fish oil helps to invigorate your brain and your body even if you are young or old.

Heart Disease And Cholesterol

For years, the medical community has held that a high level of cholesterol causes heart disease. While few will dispute this belief, there are other factors that may lead to severe and even fatal heart conditions.

Conducted by medical experts, the Framingham Heart Study determined that high blood cholesterol is a contributing factor of CHD, or coronary heart disease. These study results showed that people with higher levels of cholesterol were more likely to develop coronary heart disease. On the other hand, it is unusual for people with low cholesterol to suffer from CHD.

This connection between high blood cholesterol and heart disease was also confirmed by another group of experts, whose studies showed that lowering the total LDL cholesterol (bad cholesterol) level could actually reduce the risk of coronary heart disease. A recent series of cholesterol trials using statin drugs suggested that lowering both total and LDL cholesterol levels could greatly reduce the chance of experiencing heart attack, angioplasty (a surgical bypass) or death due to a coronary heart disease-related cause.

In addition to high cholesterol levels, there are other risk factors that can increase the risk of developing heart disease. Even though some risk factors can be lowered with diet, medication or lifestyle changes, others cannot be altered. The more combined risk factors you have, the higher your chance will be of experiencing heart disease.

The greatest unchangeable risk factors are as follows:

* Your age. The greatest risks are faced by women over 55 and men over 45

* Family medical history. If you have parents or a sibling who died from heart disease at the ages stated above, you face a higher risk

Fortunately, some risk factors can be changed:

* Cholesterol. Limit your high total cholesterol and your high LDL or “bad” cholesterol. Lower your levels of HDL or “good” cholesterol

* Reduce your blood pressure

* Stop smoking

* Diabetes (diabetics face a higher risk of developing heart disease)

* Little or no physical activity

* Lose excess weight

If you have one or more of these high-risk factors, see your physician to find out how you can take action and reduce your chances of suffering a heart attack.

Some experts believe that high blood cholesterol and heart disease are indeed connected. On the other hand, there are those who hold that too much animal fat resulting in high cholesterol is the contributing factor to heart disease. These experts argue that there may or may not be “good” and “bad” cholesterols. They also believe that factors such as physical activity, mental stress and a change in body weight may influence the levels of the blood cholesterol, and that high blood cholesterol is a simply reflection of an unhealthy lifestyle, but not dangerous.

Experts may disagree on the factors of cholesterol and heart disease. The one thing everyone agrees on, however, is that we all need to reduce the risks and increase our quality of life.

Fenugreek Fights Diabetes, Heart Disease And Obesity

Although fenugreek seeds are used extensively in the recipes of countries in the Middle and Far East, in the West it is not as well known as many other spices. Not only does fenugreek impart a characteristic flavour and tang to food but it also has several very important disease preventing characteristics.

In traditional medicine, fenugreek has been used to treat a number of conditions including diabetes, sore throats, and in poultices used to treat sores and abscesses. Recent investigations into the medicinal properties of this spice suggest it is important not only as a preventive for chronic diseases such as diabetes, but also for enhancing normal physiological processes, especially with respect to athletic performance.

As with most spices it contains many antioxidant and anti-inflammatory compounds such as apigenin, genistein, kaempferol, quercetin, rutin, selenium and superoxide-dismutase. It also contains compounds such as trigonelline that has shown to prevent the degeneration of nerve cells in neuro-degenerative diseases.

Medicinal properties of fenugreek

Cardiovascular disease and blood lipids: Fenugreek has a strong modulating effect on blood lipid levels and can substantially reduce the risk of atherosclerosis. In diabetics, who usually suffer lipid imbalances, it has demonstrated a remarkable ability to lower cholesterol, triglycerides and LDL levels while raising HDL levels.

Another property of fenugreek is the reduction of platelet aggregation which, in turn, dramatically reduces the risk of abnormal blood clotting associated with heart attacks and strokes. Like most spices, fenugreek also contains many important antioxidants and has the added benefit of protecting other dietary and internally produced antioxidants from free-radical damage. This has important cardioprotective benefits, as well as helping to fortify the body against a range of other chronic conditions.

Diabetes: Fenugreek, which has comparable antidiabetic potency to cinnamon, is one of the most valuable spices for the control of glucose metabolism and thus the prevention and treatment of Type II diabetes. Owing to its many properties it helps in the prevention and treatment of diabetes in several ways.

Working in a similar way to the common antidiabetic drug glibenclamide, fenugreek lowers cellular insulin resistance and controls blood glucose homeostasis. It has been shown to lower blood glucose levels of Type II diabetics by as much as 46 percent.

It also increases the levels of several important antioxidants and reduces the damaging oxidation of lipids associated with diabetes.

As an added bonus, fenugreek seeds are a very rich in a type of dietary fibre that modulates post-prandial blood glucose levels by delaying the absorption of sugar in the intestines. This mucilaginous fiber also reduces the absorption of fat and cholesterol from the intestines thus providing additional protection against heart disease and obesity.

Cataracts: Fenugreek is also effective against diabetes-related cataracts which occur commonly in diabetics. The enzymes that control glucose uptake into the lens of the eye do not function normally in diabetics and, as a result, glucose and its metabolites, fructose and sorbitol, accumulate in the lens tissues. The lenses of diabetic patients are also prone damage by enzymes that would normally protect against destructive free radicals, and a combination of these factors leads to the gradual opacification of the lens known as a cataract. As fenugreek has been shown to partially reverse both the metabolic changes in the lens and to reduce the density of the cataract, it is likely to be even more effective as a prophylactic agent against cataract formation in diabetics.

Alzheimer’s and other neuro-degenerative diseases: Fenugreek contains the compound trigonellene that has shown to stimulate the regeneration of brain cells. This property has stimulated further research to see whether it can help in the prevention of diseases such as Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s diseases.

Sport: One of the greatest difficulties facing athletes who compete in endurance events is maintaining a readily available supply of energy in the body. In order to achieve this, muscle carbohydrate stores, in the form of glycogen, must be continuously replenished. In an event lasting more than one-and-a-half hours, glycogen stores become depleted, and for the remainder of the event the athlete has to rely on external sources of energy, such as high carbohydrate drinks, which are inferior to glycogen as an energy source. Post event re-synthesis of glycogen is also very important, and the two hours immediately following prolonged exercise is the crucial time for this process to occur.

Fenugreek has been shown to have a strong effect on glycogen replenishment; increasing post-event re-synthesis by over 60 percent in some endurance athletes. While its effects on glycogen re-synthesis during an event have yet to be tested, fenugreek is likely to exhibit a similarly beneficial effect during, as well as after, exercise.

Hormones: Fenugreek is one of the richest sources of phytoestrogens and is thus a very useful spice for women who have low oestrogen levels. Phytoestrogens are also thought to help protect against certain types of cancer, and fenugreek may well be proven to have anti-tumourigenic effects should this property be investigated in the future.

Selenium: Fenugreek is one of the richest sources of selenium, which is among the most important antioxidant micronutrients. When consumed regularly, selenium appears to have a protective effect against a range of cancers, including those of the colon, lung and prostate. Recent evidence also shows that selenium helps to prevent the progression of HIV and other chronic viral illnesses.

While other spices like chilies and cinnamon hold the culinary and medicinal headlines, the research into fenugreek is showing us that this spice has health benefits on a par with, or even superior to, those of the better known spices.

However it is important to appreciate that synergism between different spices enhances the bioavailability and efficacy of their respective bioactive compounds. Therefore, to obtain optimum benefit from fenugreek, it is important to use it with other common spices in both the prevention and treatment of disease.

Heart Disease – The Prime 10 Risks, Check These Out Before They Check You Out!

Per the American Heart Association (AHA) there are numerous statistical and clinical studies that have identified several numerous factors that increase the danger of coronary heart disease and heart attack. This Article examines those who are thought-about to be amongst the high ten of those collective factors.
1.Longevity- put merely, the older you are the more probably you’re to suffer a heart attack. Of course nearly all deaths from coronary heart disease are suffered by individuals who are aged 65 or greater. At older ages, ladies who have heart attacks are more seemingly than men are to die from them within a few weeks.
2.Gender- sadly for men, it is a fact that men have an increased risk of suffering a heart attack than ladies, and they have an inclination to experience these issues at a younger age. Even once the feminine menopause, (which will increase the probability of a woman suffering a heart attack) the death rate among girls from heart disease is still but their male counterparts.
3.Hereditary Factors- the offspring of individuals who develop heart disease have an increased risk of developing it themselves. African Americans and Mexican Americans each have more instances per capita of severe high blood pressure than Caucasians, and consequently a larger risk of developing heart disease. This also extends to alternative native populations like American Indians, Hawaiians and a few Asian Americans. This can be partly thanks to higher rates of obesity and diabetes. Most people with a strong family history of heart disease have a number of different risk factors.
4.Smoking- a one that smokes cigarettes, and alternative kinds of tobacco exposes him or herself to between twice and 4 times the average risk of developing coronary heart disease. For patients who already have heart disease smoking is a serious extra risk issue for experiencing a fatal heart attack. Cardiac patients who are smokers are twice as seemingly to die from a heart attack as non-smoking cardiac patients. Passive smoking, or exposure to different peoples exhaled smoke also will increase the danger of developing heart disease for non-smokers.
5.High Blood Cholesterol – the subject of blood cholesterol levels is sort of advanced and will be coated in a very separate article within the close to future. However, normally there are four factors that determine a person’s cholesterol level – age, gender, hereditary factors and diet. Suffice it to say that there’s a link between raised blood cholesterol levels and the risk of developing coronary heart disease. If a number of of the opposite risk factors, like high blood pressure and tobacco smoke is also incurred, the chance increases further.
6.High Blood Pressure – this will increase the number of work that the heart has got to perform, and will cause the tissue of the center to become thicker and fewer flexible. This not solely will increase the chance of developing heart disease, but additionally will increase the associated risk of stroke, kidney failure and congestive heart failure. The annoying factors for top blood pressure are obesity, smoking, high blood cholesterol levels and diabetes. When a number of of those extra risks are gift, the general risk of a heart attack or stroke increases many times.
7.Sedentary Lifestyle- leading a physically inactive lifestyle is a contributory risk factor for developing coronary heart disease. Regular exercise is useful in lowering this risk, particularly if it involves moderate or bigger amounts of physical exertion. The British Heart Foundation has recommended a half hour amount of medium to strenuous exercise 3 times every week, to take care of heart and blood vessel health. The additional vigorous the activity, among reason, the bigger the advantages obtained. However, lower levels of activity will still be beneficial if they maintained within the long term. There are also side advantages related to physical activity in that it will assist in reducing blood cholesterol, and facilitate with diabetes and obesity, along with help to lower blood pressure.
8.Obesity- Obese folks have a greater risk of developing heart disease. When someone is overweight for his or her body’s size, their heart has to perform additional work. When someone’s waist measurement is larger than the hips there is an additional increased risk of developing heart disease and stroke. Obesity also results in higher blood pressure and blood cholesterol.
9.Diabetes Mellitus- this condition greatly will increase the chance of developing cardiovascular disease. Unfortunately, even if the blood glucose level is well managed by the patient, diabetes will increase the risk of heart disease and stroke. But the risks are any increased if the blood glucose level is poorly managed. Unfortunately for the diabetes sufferer nearly 75% of individuals with the condition are doubtless to eventually die from some quite heart disease
10.Alcohol- drinking too much alcohol can cause high blood pressure, which can lead to heart failure and stroke. It will also increase the risk of developing cancer and other diseases. However the danger of developing heart disease has been found to be less in individuals who consume moderate amounts of alcohol, compared to people who drink no alcohol.
The most important recommendation is to go to your doctor if you are feeling that you have identified one or more of the above risk factors in your lifestyle or heredity. Don’t panic, however do not delay either as it is rarely too late to hunt help and start a program of medical treatment for top blood pressure.