A short classification of eczema

The appearance of eczema varies from person to person and according to the type of eczema.The first symptom in most persons with eczema is an intense itching.Eczema result in dry and scaly skin but sometimes may lead to blisters and oozing lesions.In children and adults, eczema occurs on the face, neck and the insides of the elbows, knees and ankles. In infants, eczema occurs on the forehead, cheeks, forearms, legs, scalp and neck.

To describe specific forms of eczema, that may have very similar symptoms to atopic dermatitis some interesting facts are described below: atopic dermatitis which is thought to be the abnormal function of the body’s immune system.10% of infants and 3% of adults in the U.S. are affected by eczema.For infants the term of infantile eczema is used.People with a family history of allergic conditions presenting asthma or hay fever have atopic dermatitis.

Contact eczema (contact dermatitis) that includes redness, itching, and burning when the skin has come into contact with an allergen is a localized reaction. Eczema includes also reactions to laundry detergents, nickel (present in jewelry), cosmetics, fabrics, clothing and perfume.A form of skin inflammation of unknown cause is seborrheic eczema (seborrheic dermatitis) which include signs and symptoms like yellowish, oily, scaly patches of skin on the scalp, face, and occasionally other parts of the body.It is not necessary to associate the itching with seborrheic dermatitis.Emotional stress, oily skin, infrequent shampooing and weather conditions may increase a person’s risk of developing seborrheic eczema.

Coin-shaped patches of irritated skin, most commonly located on the arms, back, buttocks and lower legs, that may be crusted, scaling and extremely itchy represent the nummular eczema (nummular dermatitis).It occurs most frequently in elderly men.Often nummular eczema is a chronic condition.The risk of developing nummular eczema is increased by atopic dermatitis, asthma or allergies. A chronic skin inflammation caused by a scratch-itch cycle that begins with a localized itch that becomes intensely irritated when scratched is neurodermatitis.Women are more affected by neurodermatitis than men and people between aged 20-50 are most frequent affected.In scaly patches of skin on the head, lower legs, wrists or forearms this form of eczema appear.The stress can grow the symptoms of neurodermatitis.

A skin irritation on the lower legs related to the circulatory problem known as venous insufficiency is statis dermatitis.Approximately 6-7% of the population over age 50 being affected by statis dermatitis.An itching and/or reddish-brown discoloration of the skin on one or both legs are the symptoms of stasis dermatitis.Statis dermatitis leads to the blistering, oozing skin lesions and ulcers which can develop in affected areas.The chronic circulatory problems may provide an increase in fluid buildup (edema) in the legs. Stasis dermatitis is associated also with a varicose eczema.

An irritation of the skin on the palms of hands and soles of the feet characterized by clear, deep blisters that itch and burn is dyshidrotic eczema (dyshidrotic dermatitis).It is also known as vesicular palmoplantar dermatitis, dyshidrosis or pompholyx. This kind of eczema occur more in the spring and summer months and in warmer climates. Unfortunately eczemas may appear at any age and it may lead to dangeruos problems, but medications have been found in order to cure them.

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