Interesting Facts About Renaissance Doctors And Medicine

Do you usually link Renaissance to advances in medicine? Typically, when we talk about the Renaissance period, we talk about an explosion of learning and creativity. From paintings to music, this was a tremendous time for the arts in particular. However, the era of the Renaissance, which lasted from the middle 1400s until the 1700s, also featured major developments in European medicine. Here are some of the important facts surrounding the Renaissance period and medicine:

1. New knowledge and inventions improved medicine

A flurry of new knowledge and inventions helped to advance medicine quickly, during the Renaissance. There were no instruments yet to observe bacteria, and thus create a need for cheap urbane scrubs. However, diagrams of the human body and the printing press both had a huge influence on the world of medicine. Thus, doctors had a better comprehension of how the human body functioned, than during any previous era in Europe’s history.

2. Galen was no longer king

During the previous Middle Ages, the medical world considered Galen’s writings to be infallible. Galen was an ancient Greek living in Rome, who had developed the concepts of Hippocrates, “The Father of Medicine.”

However, during the Renaissance, doctors took a more practical and academic approach to training in their profession. Medical students studied from books with realistic diagrams of humans. In addition to better books, doctors-in-training also had access to more of them, thanks to the invention of the printing press. In fact, universities even permitted students to dissect humans, towards the end of the Renaissance. This practice had previously been limited to animals.

3. Science began to supersede spirituality

During the Renaissance, people still held to some spiritual reasoning regarding diseases. For instance, people were unaware that bacteria existed, and could spread from person-to-person. However, logic became king, due to a new wealth of knowledge available, and an efficient way to distribute it faster-the printing press. In addition, the training for surgical procedures greatly improved. Apprentices would learn surgical techniques, from an active surgeon. Interestingly, universities themselves failed to supply doctors-in-training with these skills. Nevertheless, the improvements in textbooks about human anatomy significantly boosted the complexity of the surgeries that doctors did.

4. Many did not embrace advances in medicine

While the Renaissance ushered in a new era of medical knowledge and skills, not everyone was impressed. During the Renaissance, home remedies remained a vital aspect of medical treatment, for many people. In fact, some people still sought treatments from local shaman who lacked formal training in the medical profession. Also, many “old-school” doctors and the Catholic Church still adhered to the teachings of Galen. However, within time, medical advances during the Renaissance would revolutionize the whole professional.

The Renaissance was clearly an era of enlightenment and developments. Besides the fantastic output in the arts, the medical profession flourished as well. While doctors were yet unaware of bacteria or the need to wear scrubs during surgeries, they were nonetheless learning. Essentially starting with the Renaissance, spiritual doctors were becoming scientific doctors!

Psychiatrists Use Naturalistic Treatments For Depression And Stress Related Mental Health Issues

Although statistics say that clinical depression affects about five percent of the American population, that number is most likely greatly underestimated. The truth is, thousands of people suffer from depression and stress related mental disorders but are either incorrectly diagnosed or never ask for help or treatment. For those who do, however, there is good news in the form of short-term cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) and naturalistic depression treatments.

Among the latter are herbal medicines, homeopathy, yoga, aromatherapy, acupuncture and similar non-traditional, non-pharmaceutical treatments. Several well-recognized reports have shown that specific herbs act in much the same way as chemical medicines, balancing both neurotransmitters and hormones, with excellent results but without the occasionally debilitating side effects or withdrawal symptoms associated with prescription anti-depressants.

The leaves and flowers of St. John’s Wort, a plant found in both Europe and North America, have been used to cure depression for thousands of years both here and abroad. Another widely used plant is the West African Griffonia Simplicifolia, the seeds of which are used to make 5-HTP or 5-Hydroxytryptophan. This natural treatment helps stimulate the production of tryptophan, the amino acid that makes you feel so content and sleepy after a turkey dinner and which leads to the production of serotonin, the body’s own cure for depression.

SAM-e (S-adenosyl-L-methionine) and folic acid have also been discovered to be effective in treating mild to moderate depression, particularly when combined with CBT, as practiced by the many New York City psychiatrists who specialize in this form of therapy. While herbal additives are being used by more of the population every single day, most people are not informed enough to effectively self-prescribe, so it is generally unwise to take any of the aforementioned herbs with or instead of prescribed pharmaceutical depression meds, nor without prior consultation with a therapist.

However, regular exercise, yoga and meditation have been found to be of great help for physical and mental well being, and are being prescribed, not just by your general practitioner, but also by some psychiatrists to treat depression and stress.

For individuals who are either already being treated for a stress related mental condition or who are in the process of seeking depression treatment, inquiring into the pros and cons of a naturalistic treatment program is a wise idea. By all means, get active physically if you are able to do so. However, it is important to remember that this is rarely an “either-or” situation. Self-medication, by means of either natural or homeopathic remedies, should not replace regular treatment by a trained, certified medical professional. If regular pharmaceutical medications are prescribed, asking about naturalistic remedies instead of pharmaceuticals may turn out to be the best step you can take toward recovery.

Bladder Cancer – Global Drug Forecasts And Treatment Analysis To 2020 – Volume 1 2011

GlobalData analysis finds that the global bladder cancer therapeutics market is moderately attractive and is primarily driven by growth in the patient volume and growth in the cost of therapy. The patient volume was driven by growth in treatment usage pattern measurements such as diseased population, treatment seeking population, Diagnosed Population and prescription population.

In 2010, the bladder cancer therapeutics markets key markets (the US, UK, Germany, France, Italy, Spain, Japan, Brazil, Russia, India and China) were collectively worth $610m. The markets size is driven by two key parameters, namely the patient volume and the annual cost of therapy per patient. Between 2001 and 2010, the global bladder cancer therapeutics market grew at a CAGR of 8.0%.

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The bladder cancer therapeutics market is completely dominated by generic drugs such as methotrexate, cisplatin, vinblastin and doxorubicin. BCG (Bacillus Calmette-Gurin) therapy and mitomycin C are the other drugs that are used for the treatment of bladder cancer.

Gemcitabine was the top-selling drug in the bladder cancer therapeutics market in 2010. The other leading drugs in the market in 2001 were BCG therapy and methotrexate which registered sales of $55m and $57m. In 2010, gemcitabine was the leading drug in the bladder cancer therapeutics market, with sales of $170m. Methotrexate and BCG therapy were the other leading therapies with sales of $145m and $131m. Between 2010 and 2020, three promising therapies, Javlor (vinflunine), Urocidin (intravesical formulation of Mycobacterial cell wall-DNA complex (MCC)) and EOquin (apaziquone), are expected to hit the market. Between 2010 and 2020, the market is expected to be led by Urocidin, with forecast sales of $386m.

GlobalData, the industry analysis specialist, has released its new report, Bladder Cancer – Global Drug Forecasts and Treatment Analysis to 2020 Volume 1 2011. The report is an essential source of information and analysis on the global bladder cancer therapeutics market. The report provides comprehensive information on bladder cancer, highlighting the treatment guidelines. It identifies and analyses the key trends shaping and driving the global bladder cancer therapeutics market. It analyses the treatment usage patterns in the global bladder cancer therapeutics market. The report also provides insights into the competitive landscape and the emerging players expected to significantly alter the positions of the existing market leaders. The report provides valuable insights into the pipeline products within the global bladder cancer sector. It quantifies the unmet need in the global bladder cancer therapeutics market as well as in the individual markets such as the US and the top five countries in Europe, highlighting the opportunity for future players.

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Associate Degree In Respiratory Therapy An Overview

Respiratory therapists work with respiratory technicians and other healthcare professionals such as physicians, pharmacists and nurses to help provide relief to patients of all ages, right from infants to the elderly. The field of respiratory therapy involves testing a patient”s lung capacity; determining the concentration of oxygen and other gasses in the blood, measuring the patient”s pH level in the blood, etc.

Education & qualifications

An associate degree of science in respiratory therapy is the minimum educational requirement (and in most cases the first step) towards becoming a respiratory therapist. However, those looking to advance their careers with higher paying and administrative jobs can always opt for a bachelor”s or a master”s degree in respiratory therapy.

Successful completion of the associate degree program enables the student to take the National Board for Respiratory Care (NBRC) entry level Certified Respiratory Therapist (CRT) and advanced level Registered Respiratory Therapist (RRT) credentialing exams.

The NBRC offers the Certified Respiratory Therapy credential to those students who have completed an associate”s or a bachelor”s degree program accredited by either the Commission on Accreditation for Allied Health Education Programs (CAAHEP) of the Committee on Accreditation for Respiratory Care (CoARC). Students looking for respiratory therapy programs should be careful to choose one that has been accredited by either one of these accrediting agencies. Independence University is an example of a college that offers online degree programs in respiratory therapy at the associate and bachelor levels. If you look at an Independence University review, you will find that the college has been accredited by the Accrediting Commission of Career Schools and Colleges (ACCSC) and their respiratory therapy program has been accredited by the CoARC.

Other reviews of Independence University shed light upon the college”s financial aid assistance programs, career services and FAFSA help. One of the biggest attractions to the college is the fact that students are asked to select an instructor (a Registered Respiratory Therapist) before the program begins, who serves as their clinical instructor throughout the tenure of the program. They are also asked to choose a local sponsoring facility where they can complete their clinical instruction.

Career Prospects over the next few years

According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, employment opportunities for respiratory therapists are expected to grow by 21 percent between 2008 and 2018. Respiratory therapists can earn salaries ranging from anywhere between $37,920 and $69,800.

Respiratory therapy is a field that deals with intricacies of cardiopulmonary and breathing disorders. If you love to help sick people, have a keen eye for detail and are able to work as a team to diagnose these problems, respiratory therapy might make a great career choice for you.