Heart Disease – Symptoms, Treatment And Prevention

Heart diseases include any disease that has an effect on the cardiovascular system. Heart diseases are life threatening and should be treated quickly. Heart diseases are the biggest cause of deaths worldwide even though over the past few decades the rate of cardiovascular mortality has declined.

Symptoms Of Heart Disease:
It is important to notice the symptoms of heart diseases. Consult your doctor if you begin to observe any of the following symptoms which are particularly of heart attack:

1. Heaviness, acute pain, pressure, discomfort in chest or under the breastbone.
2. Burning sensation around the chest area.
3. Indigestion, fullness and choking and pain while moving the jaw.
4. Constant sweating, vomiting and nausea.
5. Weakness and shortness of breath and rapid heartbeats.

However, there are people who have had heart attacks without facing any of the above symptoms which are known as silent heart attacks. This occurs mainly with people who have diabetes.

There are other heart diseases like Coronary Artery Disease, Arrhythmias and Fibrillation which have more or less the same symptoms as those of a heart attack. If you find some of the symptoms mentioned above, DO NOT THINK TWICE! Call for help, as immediate medical help is required to lower the damage done by the heart disease.

Treatment For Heart Disease:
The treatment for heart diseases vary a lot. You need to change your lifestyle and undergo various medical treatment procedures.

1. CPR – It stands for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation. It is best that you perform a CPR on a person at the earliest so that he or she has a good chance of getting conscious. Performing CPR keeps the oxygenated blood flowing to the person’s heart which keep the heartbeat going.

2. Lifestyle Changes – Irrespective of your heart disease being mild or strong, your doctor will surely tell you to change your lifestyle as part of the treatment. It includes getting at least 30 minutes of daily exercise and walking. You will have to give up the habit of smoking and also limit the amount of alcohol you consume.

3. Medications – There are a huge number of medicines out there to help you with your heart disease. Your doctor will prescribe you the medicines required to treat your heart disease. These include medicines to lower your blood pressure such as beta blockers, cholesterol controlling medicines and also blood thinning medicines.

4. Surgery – If the medications you take do not help your heart disease, it’s likely that your doctor will suggest a heart surgery such as Angioplasty. However, in most extreme heart conditions, a coronary artery bypass surgery is required to remove the blockage in the artery.

Prevention of Heart Disease
Prevention is always better than cure! So prevent heart diseases by avoiding smoking, having a healthy low fat diet which includes plenty of whole grains, fresh fruits and veggies. Limit your alcohol intake to the suggested daily limits. Excessive alcohol consumption increases the risk of having a heart disease. Stop chewing tobacco and try to avoid second hand smoke. Don’t stress yourself too much, take short breaks in between work and exercise daily for about 30 minutes. Walking daily decreases your body weight which helps reduce the cholesterol level of the blood. It also helps keep the blood pressure normal.

Heart Disease The Dangers Of Coronary Heart Attack And How To Avoid It

What is a coronary heart attack?
Are you at the risk of a coronary heart attack?
Here are some insights to help you…
A heart attack happens when the blood supply to part of the heart muscle itself (the myocardium) is severely reduced or even stopped entirely.
The medical term for a heart attack is myocardial infarction.
The reduction or stoppage of blood supply happens when one or more of the coronary arteries supplying blood to the heart muscle is blocked.
This may be caused by the buildup of plaque (deposits of fat-like substances), also known as atherosclerosis.
The plaque may eventually burst, tear or rupture, creating a “situation” where a blood clot forms and blocks the artery.
This may lead to a heart attack.
A heart attack is also sometimes known as a coronary thrombosis or coronary occlusion.
It is a medical fact that heart disease is among the most dangerous health hazards facing people 50 yrs and older in America.
Clinical studies, laboratory investigations and a number of surveys show that certain personal characteristics and lifestyles can lead to increased dangers of a heart attack (coronary heart disease).
These danger signs are called “risk factors”. The well established risk factors are high blood pressure, high blood cholesterol, cigarette smoking and diabetes mellitus.
Other risk factors that may increase or lead to the risk of having a heart attack are obesity, a sedentary life-style, an aggressive response to stress, and certain drugs.
In the past two decades, millions of Americans have learned about these risk factors and have tried to decrease them by seeking medical attention and by changing their lifestyles.
Many adults have stopped smoking. The medical control of high blood pressure has greatly improved.
The average cholesterol level of the population has decreased continually over the last two decades, probably due to changes in dietary habits and increased exercise.
This attempt to modify risk factors almost certainly has contributed to the declining death rate from heart disease in the United States.
Overall, heart-related problems have declined about 25 percent in the last decade.
Some of this decrease undoubtedly is due to better medical care of heart attack victims, but it is likely that a sizable percentage is related to modification of risk factors.
The entire population has become more aware of the seriousness of heart disease and coronary heart problems.
CPR training is offered in schools, places of business, and church and community functions, and everyone seems to recognize that prevention of coronary heart disease is a partnership between the public and the medical community.
There are a number of factors implicated in coronary heart disease. Some of these may raise coronary risk by accentuating the major risk factors already discussed.
Others may act in ways not understood. Still others may be linked mistakenly to coronary risk.
Obesity predisposes individuals to coronary heart disease. Some of the reasons for this are known, but others are not.
The major causes of obesity in Americans are excessive intake of calories and inadequate exercise.
When caloric intake is excessive, some of the excess frequently is saturated fat, which further raises the blood cholesterol. Thus, obesity contributes to higher coronary risk in a variety of ways.
Most of the major risk factors are silent. They must be sought actively, and much of the responsibility for their detection lies with each of us as individuals.
Regular checkups are particularly necessary if there is a family history of heart disease, high blood pressure, high cholesterol levels or diabetes.
May these health insights into heart disease help you to live a healthier and happier life.