Upper Respiratory Infection (URI) – The Things That Must be Considered in Dealing With Upper Respir

Upper Respiratory Infection (URI) is an infectious disease in one or more parts ranging from nasal airway to the lungs and takes place in less than 3 weeks. Upper Respiratory Infection (URI) is a contagious disease and is often experienced by children. Most of the URI is light, caused by a viral infection, and can heal themselves (self-limited diseases). However, URI also can be severe and cause death. Therefore we need to understand and properly handle the ISPA. We also need to know the signs of emergency in the URI so that our children are not too late to get treatment in hospital.

Channel Anatomy of Human Breath Infection can occur throughout the human respiratory tract from the nose, sinus cavity, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi, and lungs.

Diagnosis Upper Respiratory Infection (URI) URI is actually a term for many diseases in respiratory tract infections.

The following are diseases that are included in the URI: 1. Common cold 2. Flu (Influenza) 3. Rhino sinusitis or Sinusitis 4. Tonsillitis, Pharyngitis, or Tonsil of uringitis (Sore Throat) 5. Abscess peritonsilar 6. Acute otitis media (middle ear infection) 7. Epiglottitis 8. Laryngitis 9. Trakeitis 10. Bronchitis 11. Bronchiolitis 12. Pneumonia 13. Pleuritis

So, if doctors diagnose a child as URI, then our children may be ill common cold or sore throat or the other. Ask the doctor about a more specific diagnosis.

Symptoms of Upper Respiratory Infection (URI) URI symptoms vary widely. Between one and the other diseases often have similar symptoms. For example, we may be difficult to distinguish the common cold with the flu because the symptoms are almost the same. Talk to your doctor to make sure the disease experienced by our children.

The following are symptoms of respiratory infection in children: Fever Cough Colds, congestion, or sneezing Painful throat / swallowing pain Hoarse voice Headaches, body aches, or joint pain Fatigue, weakness Shortness of breath Frequency of fast breathing

Upper Respiratory Infection (URI) Treatment Many respiratory infections that are grouped into ARD. Therefore we need to know what actually experienced infectious disease of our children. What is the common cold, influenza, or pneumonia? Is the disease caused by viral or bacterial infection? Specific diagnosis and its cause will determine the further handling. For example, if our children common cold sore, then our children need adequate rest, nutrition and drinking enough, and when the fever febrifuge. But when our children are suffering from bacterial pneumonia, so he may also require antibiotics and hospitalization.

Here are some tips for handling respiratory infection in general:

1. Get plenty of rest 2. Give children drink more, especially if the children cough and fever (see article Cough and Fever). 3. Give febrifuge if fever (see Fever article) 4. Avoid transmission to others. The way to avoid transmission: closing the mouth and nose when coughing / sneezing, wash hands with soap after coughing / sneezing, using a mask (if the child is cooperative), avoiding too close contact with infants. 5. Do not give antibiotics without a doctor’s instructions. Antibiotics are not necessary if the ARD is caused by viral infection. Inappropriate use of antibiotics can increase the immunity of bacteria to antibiotics. 6. Avoid giving a cough / cold in children. Discuss with your doctor about the benefits and risks of the drug if it will be given to your child (see article Cough). 7. Recognize the signs of an emergency.

You should immediately consult a child to the doctor if:
1. Shortness of breath or breathing becomes more rapid frequency
2. Breath sounds (wheezing) or like a whimper (grunting)
3. Chest wall / rib sidelines seemed interested in where the child is breathing
4. Bluish lips
5. Stiff neck
6. Difficulty swallowing
7. Continuous vomiting
8. Children looked very weak

Asthma in Pregnancy and Breastfeeding

Asthma is perhaps one of the most common disorders that can develop during pregnancy. It is also one of the most serious disorders that can develop during pregnancy. Since it is state where the hampering of the most vital process of respiration is concerned it should never be neglected and adequate measures should be taken to relieve the situation.

There is no evidence that suggests any increase in incidents of spontaneous abortions or development of congenital deformities in pregnant ladies with asthmatic condition. Generally the available statistics show that the asthmatic ladies who get pregnant have worsening of their disease in about one-third of the cases. Anther one-third patients show no changes in their conditions and the last one-third show signs of getting better. It is a very rare incident that an asthma patient has complications due to her condition while child birth.

In most situations ladies come back to their normal condition of the disease within three to four months of delivery. This may be indicative of natures way of supporting the sustenance of the human life. Some studies have an indication that asthma occurs in one percent of all pregnancies. Some studies also indicate that asthmatics may have a greater chance of giving birth to premature children or even run the risk of malformed infants or even infants with low birth weight.

It is generally seen that the asthmatic ladies have greater fear of showing signs of any untoward complications during pregnancy and delivery. There was marked increase in delivery of infant of premature birth and infants with low birth weight as a result of this. There are chances of increased bleeding during delivery. But there does not seem to be any concrete evidence of increased incidents of congenital malformations.

The condition of asthma needs to be treated wisely during pregnancy. This is because the condition of asthma causes a decrease in oxygen content in the blood of the mother and in return to the foetus as well. This may well lead to decrease in the growth of the foetus, which may lead to various degrees of malformations also.

The most common occurrence of asthma happens because of the triggers of simple cold or upper respiratory infections in pregnant ladies. It is therefore advisable to avoid situations of coming in contact with people having colds or respiratory infections for ladies who have a history of asthma when they are pregnant. The other pregnant ladies are also advised the same as there is always a risk of catching an infection and also because there are incidents of development of asthma even in the women who have never showed the disease before.

The drugs that are generally considered to be safe can be used to manage asthma during pregnancy. Most of the cases of deformities due to asthma arise because of improper management of asthma during pregnancy. Uncontrolled asthma increases the risk of acute respiratory failure which may put the life of both the mother and the child at risk.

Harmful Cannabis Toxins Leads to Bullous Lung Condition

Even though most are curious about the impact of weed in cancer, another kind of physical damage is a lot more likely to appear when smoking. This damage takes the shape of lung diseases and more specifically bullous emphysema.

Bullous emphysema is really a serious disease that hurts lung capability as well as functionality. The high temperature ranges and extended breathing in of weed smoke both lead to a rapid loss of lung wall linings. This erosion lessens the lung’s elasticity and results in much less oxygen accessible in the bloodstream. This can be best shown through lack of breath and increased threat of infection.

A study published inside the January 2008 version of Respirology titled -Bullous Lung Disease due to Marijuana- further details this matter. A team directed by Dr. Matthew Naughton planned to study the side effects associated with cannabis smoke on the lungs.

One major point the researchers unveiled was that cannabis users can acquire bullous lung diseases much earlier than cigarette users. The mean time for developing such a disease in marijuana consumers was 41 years old while at the same time tobacco users was 65 years old, an enormous 24 year distinction! As mentioned previously, this is produced by marijuana smoke being inhaled with a greater temperature and kept in the lung area for a longer time period.

Another unpleasant finding they made had been that bullous lung disease often goes undetected. Lung function and X-rays may seem completely normal while high definition CT scans tell a completely different tale of serious lung injury.

The encouraging idea behind this situation is that this type of lung ailment is completely avoidable. Because the issue is linked towards the smoke alone and not the marijuana, by removing the smoke, you eliminate the harm.

Wiping out the dangerous smoke problem requires a procedure referred to as vaporization. I am a powerful advocate of vaporization as it enables users to acquire the favorable advantages of THC without the need to harm their own lungs along the way.

Vaporization works by warming weed to the proper degree which allows the THC to basically boil out and get circulated by means of vapor while not allowing the natural green material to catch on fire. This drastically lowers heat and toxic levels of the inhaled material.

Bronchitis and Bronchiolitis in Infants

Acute Bronchitis or also known as Wet Lungs is a health disorder that occurs when the bronchial tract in the lungs submerged with water. Bronchial tract will then swell and produce mucus, causing coughing. Day-care attendance and exposure to cigarette smoke also can increase the likelihood that an infant will develop bronchiolitis. This disease often appears after an upper respiratory tract infection, such as a cold. Most acute bronchitis symptoms such as chest pain, shortness of breath, etc. usually last up to 2 weeks, but the cough can persist for up to 8 weeks in some cases. Conditions that increase the risk of severe bronchiolitis include prematurity, prior chronic heart or lung disease, and a weakened immune system due to illness or medications.

Type of the other lung infections that known by the old prang is Bronchiolitis. Babies can be attacked by disease bronchiolitis (an infection caused by a virus) that can block the windpipe so that needs to be treated. Kids who have had bronchiolitis may be more likely to developasthma later in life, but it’s unclear whether the illness causes or triggers asthma, or whether children who eventually develop asthma were simply more prone to developing bronchiolitis as infants. Bronchiolitis is usually caused by a viral infection, most commonly respiratory syncytial virus (RSV).

Causes of Bronchitis

Some types of viruses, including: Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV), Adenovirus, Influenza and Parainfluenza Bacteria (in the case of a rare) Pollutants (chemical substances in the air)

Signs and Symptoms of Bronchitis

Stuffiness Coughing up phlegm Pain in the chest Fatigue Mild headache Sores on the body Fever Watery eyes Sore throat Runny nose Mild cough Mild fever

Sometimes more severe respiratory difficulties gradually develop, marked by:

Rapid, shallow breathing A rapid heartbeat Drawing in of the neck and chest with each breath, known as retractions Flaring of the nostrils Irritability, with difficulty sleeping and signs of fatigue or lethargy

In severe cases, symptoms may worsen quickly. If you have a baby less than 3 months old and had a fever, it is wise to check with your doctor. A child with severe bronchiolitis may get fatigued from the work of breathing and have poor air movement in and out of the lungs due to the clogging of the small airways. Later the doctor will decide whether your child exposed to the acute of bronchitis, chronic bronchiolitis, or perhaps upper respiratory infections or others. After that appropriate treatment can be determined. Infants in child-care centers have a higher risk of contracting an infection that may lead to bronchiolitis because they’re in close contact with lots of other young children.

How to Prevent Acute Bronchitis?

Avoid smoking, especially around your baby Keep the hand hygiene immunization

Diagnosis Of Acute Bronchitis

Classifying an upper respiratory infection as bronchitis is imprecise. However, studies of bronchitis and upper respiratory infections often use the same symptoms. Cough is the most commonly observed symptom of acute bronchitis. The cough begins within two days of infection in 85 percent of patients. Most patients have a cough for less than two weeks however, 26 percent are still coughing after two weeks, and a few cough for six to eight weeks. When a patient’s cough fits this general pattern, acute bronchitis should be strongly suspected.

Although most physicians consider cough to be necessary to the diagnosis of acute bronchitis, they vary in additional requirements. Other signs and symptoms may include sputum production, dyspnea, wheezing, chest pain, fever, hoarseness, malaise, rhonchi, and rales. Each of these may be present in varying degrees or may be absent altogether. Sputum may be clear, white, yellow, green, or even tinged with blood. Peroxidase released by the leukocytes in sputum causes the color changes; hence, color alone should not be considered indicative of bacterial infection.

Because acute bronchitis is most often caused by a viral infection, usually only symptomatic treatment is required. Treatment can focus on preventing or controlling the cough (antitussive therapy) or on making the cough more effective.

Protrusive therapy is indicated when coughing should be encouraged (e.g., to clear the airways of mucus). Antitussive therapy is indicated if cough is creating significant discomfort and if suppressing the body’s protective mechanism for airway clearance would not delay healing.