Culture and gender roles

In many prehistoric cultures, women assumed a particular cultural role. In gatherer-hunter societies, women were generally the gatherers of plant foods, small animal foods and fish, while men hunted meat from large animals.

In more recent history, the gender roles of women have changed greatly. Traditionally, middle class women were involved in domestic tasks emphasizing child care. For poorer women, especially working class women, although this often remained an ideal,[specify] economic necessity compelled them to seek employment outside the home. The occupations that were available to them were, however, lower in pay than those available to men.

As changes in the labor market for women came about, availability of employment changed from only “dirty”, long hour factory jobs to “cleaner”, more respectable office jobs where more education was demanded, women’s participation in the U.S. labor force rose from 6% in 1900 to 23% in 1923. These shifts in the labor force led to changes in the attitudes of women at work, allowing for the revolution which resulted in women becoming career and education oriented.

Movements advocate equality of opportunity for both sexes and equal rights irrespective of gender. Through a combination of economic changes and the efforts of the feminist movement,[specify] in recent decades women in most societies now have access to careers beyond the traditional homemaker.

Although a greater number of women are seeking higher education, salaries are often claimed to be less than those of men. CBS News claims that in the United States women who are ages 30 to 44 and hold a university degree make only 62 percent of what similarly qualified men do, a lower rate than in all but three of the 19 countries for which numbers are available. The nations with greater inequity in pay are Germany, New Zealand and Switzerland.[18] However, “A study of the gender wage gap conducted by economist June O’ Neill, former director of the Congressional Budget Office, found that women earn 98 percent of what men do when controlled for experience, education, and number of years on the job.”[19] A later CBS News article quoted a U.S. Department of Labor study which stated “This study leads to the unambiguous conclusion that the differences in the compensation of men and women are the result of a multitude of factors and that the raw wage gap should not be used as the basis to justify corrective action. Indeed, there may be nothing to correct. The differences in raw wages may be almost entirely the result of the individual choices being made by both male and female workers.”[20] In 2011, A Wall Street Journal article by Carrie Lukas stated that: “A study of single, childless urban workers between the ages of 22 and 30 found that women earned 8% more than men.

Natural Remedies And Menopause

Red clover is one of the safest and most effective natural remedies for menopause. It has long been used in traditional medicine and has been shown to help with hot flashes, insomnia, irritability and night sweats.

The news about hormone replacement therapy has motivated women everywhere to find alternative treatments for these symptoms of menopause. You know there must be a way to find natural menopause relief, but you want to be safe and not experience any side effects. Red clover is certainly one of the best herbal remedies available today.

Is there scientific evidence to support it? Red clover is the subject of current study in scientific circles and the preliminary results look very promising. Of course, this comes as no surprise to natural healers and herbalists. Nevertheless, it is always encouraging when science and traditional healing agree.

Red clover is rich in bio-active compounds, which are considered to help in menopause. Some of the chemicals in the plant bind with estrogen in the tissues and produce a subtle physiological action. Soy and kudzu, which are cousins to red clover, work in a similar manner by regulating responses in the bodies cells to help balance hormones. This explains why red clover is effective: it helps balance hormones, and menopause symptoms are caused by an imbalance.

What about side effects? The good news is that no scientific study has demonstrated any negative side effects from using red clover. Of course, common sense always is in order, and you should talk with a herbalist or naturopath if you have any uncertainties or questions.

How much should you take? Should you decide to use red clover as a stand alone supplement, you should look for capsules containing extracts of organically grown clover, and it should include at least 40 mg isoflavones or 8% isoflavonoids per capsule. Usually the leaves are mixed with the flowers to maintain a balanced formula that is most effective in treating menopause symptoms.

How long have women used red clover? There is evidence of women using red clover in teas, tinctures, infusions, and extracts from ancient times, but nobody really knows just how far back it’s use goes. Certainly, any plant that gives safe menopause relief and endures for thousands of years should be investigated.

Red clover is also commonly used to treat sore throats, ulcers, bronchitis,sores and eczema for centuries. Randy Hough and Laura Simon, MSW,MEd,have worked together to create a family stress blog and a safe menopause relief web site. They live and work in the beautiful Upper Valley of Vermont.

Phytoestrogens from Soy and Red Clover for Managing Menopause

Learn how to counteract these changes naturally

Menopause is a crucial stage in every woman’s life, as it marks the natural end of her fertile years. The perimenopausal phase, the time prior to the cessation of menstruation, is normally characterized by a reduction in the levels of estrogen produced by the body, which can cause symptoms related to the mechanisms controlling the size of blood vessels, including hot flashes, night sweats and sleep disturbances.

For many years, the traditional treatment has been hormone replacement therapy, but due to serious concerns about the elevated risk for certain chronic illnesses, such as cancer, more and more women are seeking alternative methods. Some of the most recent treatments are based on supplements enriched with phytoestrogens, which are plant-derived compounds that mimic the effects of estrogen and that can prevent or treat certain illnesses.

Phytoestrogens are steroid-free, plant-derived compounds of varying chemical structure, which are found in fruits, vegetables and grains, specially red clover, soy and alfalfa.

n order to understand phytoestrogens, you must first understand that estrogens are, in essence, the female hormones responsible for a woman’s sexual and physical development, among other functions. Obviously, the production of these hormones gradually changes during menopause.

There are various types of phytoestrogens, but the most common are coumestans, lignans and isoflavones. These compounds have a similar chemical structure to the female hormones produced in your body.

Isoflavones (genistein and daidzein), which are the most potent phytoestrogens in terms of their estrogen-like effects, are found almost exclusively in legumes, such as soy, garbanzos, lentils and beans. Red clover (trifolium pratense) is also a significant source of isoflavones, as it contains components that are metabolized into genistein and daidzein once it is consumed.

Soy supplements also contain these compounds, which are subjected to various metabolic actions in your body. However, it is very important that you use a product that is guaranteed by the manufacturer to be purified and standardized so that your body will absorb it correctly.

According to the Central American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, there have been numerous studies suggesting that these compounds are beneficial “to the heart, the bones, the breasts and overall health during the period prior to menopause, also known as climacteric period.” Nevertheless, these compounds also have their detractors. The one thing everyone agrees on is that they do not involve any health risks.

Furthermore, they have been shown to inhibit the development of certain types of cancer, a property that has caused them to gain widespread popularity among users.

Numerous benefits have been attributed to isoflavones, such as:

1) Anti-carcinogenic benefits: These compounds can help prevent prostate, colon and breast cancer, thanks to their antioxidant action.

Natural Cure for Menopause Signs and Symptoms

Menopause is the stage of women’s life where they no longer menstruate or get pregnant. It is a very natural process related to hormonal, physical and psychosocial changes in women’s life. It usually affects women somewhere between the ages of 40 and 60. Due to the fluctuation of estrogen and progesterone hormones, most women will experience some symptoms associated with menopause during this phase of life.

Common signs and symptoms of menopause include low sex drive, bloating and weight gain, headaches, mood swings, fuzzy thinking, memory loss, hot flashes, night sweats, anxiety, depression, tender breasts, insomnia, water retention, irregular periods and excessive menstrual bleeding.

Although menopause is a very natural stage of life that all women go through, various symptoms associated with it can be annoying. Some women encounter many of those bothersome symptoms. Other women suffer just few symptoms while some others experience none at all.

Natural cure for signs and symptoms of menopause

In an effort to lessen the discomfort associated with this natural occurrence, many women turn toward natural cure for menopause symptoms to avoid side-effects of traditional treatments for menopause signs. Below are several natural remedies to help control many signs and symptoms of menopause.
Try to relax by adopting breathing techniques to soothe and calm your body.
Use natural fibers like cotton or wool for clothing and bedding to help with hot flashes and night sweats.
St. John’s Wart supplement is believed to help many women to be less irritable, less depressed, and even energized.
Kava kava and valerian can reduce moodiness.
Black cohosh can help with hot flashes, cramps, and heavy menstrual bleeding.
Chasterberry also can help with hot flashes as well as vaginal dryness.

Other menopause natural cures are acupuncture, aromatherapy, relaxation techniques, breathing exercises and improved sleeping habits, which can help relax the mind and body as well as maintain a healthy balance. Proper room temperature, use of cotton betting and a comfortable mattress, use of air purifier to freshen the air, etc. all can help make each night a more restful one.

While going through menopause can be annoying and irritating, especially with all the symptoms associated with it, there is hope. Many options from traditional HRT to various natural cures for menopause symptoms such as relaxation techniques are available to help alleviate, or even eliminate the signs and symptoms of menopause. You can learn more about menopause and perimenopause symptoms, as well as physician-recommended natural remedies to reduce symptoms of perimenopause and menopause at PerimenopauseSymptoms.Org.

Exercise One of the Best Drug Free Menopause Remedies

Aside from the natural and organic methods to relieve disturbing symptoms of menopause, exercise is considered as one of the best drug free menopause remedies– even for early menopause. When women reach the menopausal stage, physiological changes occur and there is the gradual cessation of menstruation. They get to experience unusual symptoms that this phenomenon brings.

Last 2005, a group of Canadian researchers conducted a study with findings that regard exercise as a possible menopausal treatment. They found out that women who regularly exercise were less likely to experience the discomforts of menopausal symptoms, compared with inactive women. In addition, they also noticed that inactive middle-aged are more prone to develop metabolic complexities and related disorders.

Related illnesses that can arise from such metabolic complexities include heart diseases, high blood pressure, diabetes, excessive weight gain that can lead to obesity, increase in blood cholesterol and triglyceride levels, high blood sugar that can result to less absorption of insulin-and may further result to complete resistance.

Moreover, the Canadian researchers found that even just a short amount of exercise can result in favorable changes in postmenopausal women. Even in these modern times, gynecologists and experts in women’s health and wellbeing suggest increasing the likelihood of including exercise in their menopausal clients’ daily activities.

It has been theorized that menopausal women who include exercise in their daily routine are less likely to be prescribed medication to alleviate symptoms of menopause. Many women have attested to that and hence, exercise has been truly considered the best natural drug free menopause remedy.

Another study has also been conducted in Germany and it was confirmed that engaging in a routine of aerobics exercises helps lower the risk of obesity in women. Strength and flexibility training can not only trim the waistlines of women, but also help in maintaining their bone densities.

When women are about to experience their first menopausal symptoms, it is better to seek medical consultation. Proper assessments must first be done for health care experts to be able to provide safe and sound treatments, with regard to the specific condition. And in conclusion, exercises need to be included in daily routines, together with safe and advised drug free menopause remedies.

For more information about early menopause symptoms and menopause treatments, kindly browse through the pages of www.earlymenopausesymptoms.com.